Fatih Sultan Mehmed Han Life

Who is Fatih Sultan Mehmed? Fatih Sultan Mehmed life short. Fatih Sultan Mehmed Han Life. Fatih Sultan Mehmed history. Death of Fatih Sultan Mehmed.

The father of Fatih Sultan Mehmed, the seventh Ottoman sultan, was Sultan II. Murad Han, his mother is Hüma Hatun. He was born in Edirne on March 30, 1432.

Şehzade Mehmed, who was very important for the collection and growth in his early life, learned his knowledge from the most distinguished scholars. The day Çandarlı Halil Pasha, who will start to read, has sent him a jeweled cut leg. His first teacher was Molla Yegan. Later, renowned religion and science professions were given to the discipline of Akşemseddin habits of specialists in science and wisdom.

When he reached the age of eleven, Manisa was appointed as the star sanctuary in order to gain experience from the administrative side. As the collection was so important, Molla Ayas, Molla Gurani and other renowned scholars like him were giving them lessons.

Mathematics, hendese (geometry), hadith, exegesis, jurisprudence, kalam and history of science was great.

Prince Mehmed, Manisa was brought to the province of sanjak year, his elder brother came to the position of the heir of the prince of Alaaddin, the ruler of Amasya. Whether the suffering of the eldest son’s death is due to the depressed worker in recent years. Murad Khan abandoned his son, Mehmed, to the capital of Manisa. The prince in the hands of Byzantium must have thought of having ensured the reign of his son against Orhan.

However, the passage of one of the children of the Ottoman Empire passed the European states once again to the territory of this country. The Ottoman statesmen wanted to see the experienced Murad Khan at the beginning of the state in such a gentle period that Mehmed did not challenge his overruling. A year and four months later he left his place to his father and returned to Manisa.

This second governorship of the prince Mehmed Manisa was very productive for both the Ottoman state and the individual. Because the young prince entered the academic activity circulation within this period and increased his knowledge and experience besides the lecturers.

He also did not hesitate to join the fleet next to his father. II. Murad was on his side in an action against Albania, followed by a battle at the center in the Battle of Kosovo. In this way, it was possible to improve commanding ability and increase the experience of war.

Fatih Sultan Mehmed Khan, a thirty-year reign, had a medium-sized, red-white faced, full-bodied beard, thick beards with gold bars, full cheeks, strong arms, slightly curved nose, black hair, and a strong physique. He is a person who knows what he wants, what he can do, what he can do, and the precautions necessary to achieve these great jobs, a tireless perseverance, patience and calm.

The Turkish capital is filled with so many heroes and jihangers that can not be counted. The Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror was among them. Because he carried the discovery side by side with the sword, opened the epoch and closed the epoch. He has placed Istanbul in the grandeur of this beautiful city’s grandchildren, who, like all the spoils of all his spoils, carries it on his finger like a ring stone. For this reason, many things were spoken in the Garp and in the Orient about them written, drawn, and printed for centuries. The great jihangir that deepens and deepens as it is inspected, many of its numerous qualities are:

“The Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror was cold-blooded and brave. He showed his most beautiful example of this characteristic, during the Belgrade period, when he saw that the troops were loose, entering his enemy lines. It is a great example of this courage to put the horse on the sea because of the failure of the dock in Istanbul. “

He was very compassionate and tolerant. The compassion he showed about the city of Istanbul and its inhabitants, which sustained it for fifty days and caused many Muslims to be martyred, is too wide to think. However, he was a victorious commander in that period of Europe, and he saw himself righteous in persecuting and torturing the people of the city he had captured. The Fatah gave great importance to freedom of conscience. He never touched religion and sects of his non-Muslim subject, and everybody freed him from his conscience. Istanbul provided the opportunity for Greek Cypriot prisoners to use their freedoms to purchase freedoms. This tolerance was the essence of maturity that the world of the age did not even dream of.

According to Westerners’ claims, the Turks who entered the city had destroyed or burned the castles and left nothing. But they are themselves again, who destroy and burn them. The Byzantines destroyed the church altogether to be used in repairing the ruins of the walls. So much so that while Sultan Mehmed the Great watched Haghia Sophia closely and saw that a janissary was about to dismantle one of the stones of the church, “I gave you the things to be taken in malcas, the property was mine,” he said, punishing Yeniçeriy violently.

The military and political scene was a unique genius. The first feature of the military field success is the cooperation with the sword. He would pay much attention to the discipline of the army. He severely punished the least disobedience and the officers who caused it. He did not move the army, unplanned, irregular, and shed blood with his eagerness. Their own ancestors, their ancestors, and their invasions of the island, brought a planned conquest and made the state a stable, settled state with a systematic sense of government. The small voyages organized by the thirty-year reign of Sultans are based on the geographical unity of the country. To reach this goal, the horses do not pass through the rivers, pass through the rivers; without stopping, resting, fighting without the summer. Since all these expeditions are made on a plan, where to go,

They had prepared all the details of this time for months to ensure that the expeditions were successful. His commander and diplomat always acted together. Whichever state he plans to expedition, he examines the internal and external considerations of his state, his weaknesses, his strength, and his thoughts with the other states to the tiniest point, and he is in the weakest and most powerful time of his enemy. He would not even know the nearest of the expeditions, and he would pay great attention to keeping them secret. The saying “I know that only one piece of secret beard is worthy, I will pass it out” is famous. It was the main reasons for his success to act like that. As a matter of fact, in the end of this movement İsfendiyar Beylik and Trabzon easily captured the Greek Empire and successfully completed the nice expeditions.

A very successful diplomat. Thirty years ago, there were days when there were more than five, ten or even more states on several fronts in Asia and Europe. At such times, enemies found ways to unite their forces, political tales, promises, and intermittent cynics and allies.

It had a wide array of news organizations in all its parliaments that negotiated the movements of the European states with regard to the Ottomans. In Germany, there were civilians from the locals. Italy, on the other hand, was made up of an extremely secret and permanent Turkish news service. Thanks to this organization, the fiat was informed about the day of the day by his enemies and took measures by evaluating his actions.

The fiat had well developed the army and navy. The weapons of the army were renewed in a few years, and more correspondents were put in place of the old ones. The founder of the Ottoman fleet is the Fâtih. It is the first pavilion that gives the necessary importance to the artillery. Before the fiat, the ball was used to frighten the enemy with the voice of the whole world. It was never thought that big castles would be able to live in place and play a role in the square battlefields. The fiat, mindful of all this, led to the making of balls in numbers and diameters that were not as high as that of the beast. He calculated the ballistics and strength of the balls himself. He gave great importance to the campaign, relatively before. Although the Ottoman army continued to be a basic army in its essence, infantry classes such as the Janissaries and the Azab gained even more importance during the Fatah era.

Fatih Sultan Mehmed is also investigating the reasons for the inhabitants of this power to open the way to being a superpower that will continue for centuries to the state with its organizations, techniques, military order and discipline, conquests, reconstruction and security activities, culture and civilization movements, to his attention.

As a matter of fact, Molla Crimea, who was next to Edirne during his journey,

“The province of Crimea is a landmark. There are many scholars and immigrants. At some point there were six hundred musnels, so they always engaged with copyright. Is it real? “He asked. Mullah:

“Yes, it was so. I grew up to their end. Lakin said, “I do not know what works or what works.”

The reason for Fatih denials is problematic:

“A treacherous vizier appeared and admitted to enlightenment (enmity). He dropped them among them. The hostility and coldness deepened between the people of science and the state power. That’s why the country has suffered. Your knowledge and dexterity that you are familiar with is the responsibility of the country “gave the answer.

Upon this answer, Fatih summoned Mahmud Pasha, the vizier, to remind Mullah of what he had to say and how he should be treated and treated in the way. 280

The Sultan Mehmed the Great gave great importance to the East Turks. His son Sultan II. Bayezid also followed his father in advancing Turkish civilization.

Similar to the civilization movements of the Eastern Turks, the Tîmur Khan period civilization, the Ottomans accrued during the Fatih period. The fiat has followed the European literature very well because he knows a few of the western languages ​​and he has not heard from Europe that he needs to get something from Europe because the Turks are superior to Europeans on every subject.

In London, there is a portrait of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror in the National Gallery. It is alleged that the portrain is not the evidence made by Centile Bellini. However, according to the information in the file about this portrait in the National Gallery, the name of Centile Bellini on the portrait could not be read correctly before anything else. Also, when Bellini arrives in Istanbul, Fatih is forty eight years old. However, the age of Fatih in the table reflects the most thirty years. Fatih, even if you have done the painting, this table should be found in Istanbul, the reason why two centuries later in Venice, the question is also the issues to be questioned. It is not known if Bellini has seen scenes for the Topkapi Palace, though it is seen by Pashtun.

He had three sons and a daughter. Mustafa, his eldest son, died when he was governor of Konya. After the death of his middle son Bayezid and his young son Jem father, they will enter the struggle for reign. The daughter Gevherhan Sultan who was born to the lady Gulbahar Hat was married to the son of Ugurlu Mehmed belli of Akkoyunlu Uzun Hasan. Born of this marriage

Göde Ahmed Bey will later become the ruler of Akkoyunlu.

Scientific direction

The Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror has a distinguished position among the Ottoman sultans in the scientific direction as well as military and political genius. From Yorgios Amirutzes in Greek, Giovanni Mario Angiolello and Anconitano in Latin and Italian. In Islamic sciences, Arab and Persian languages ​​had a deep knowledge of the word. İlme gave a great deal of credit to artisans and scholars. A magician who likes to move forward in terms of mentality and nature, enjoys terracing and civilization. Just like military conquests, scholars and artisans set up an army in the battle they opened in the name of science, and this magnificent army was itself a serdar. The influence and importance of education and training in the execution of the plan of the establishment of the new state is more than anything else. He established the system of religion and law, which is known as the “class of jule”, and which brings the foundation of the mind to the point.

The scholars who had a say in the mental and transportation sciences gathered in Istanbul and established medresels for their student training. The great scholars and artisans who grew up during the period gave important works. Mullah Husrev in fiqh scholars, Molla Gurani, Molla Yegan, Khidr Çelebi in the exegesis, Ali Kuşçu in mathematics, Hocazade in the kalam, the great scholars of the time and scholars from all over the world.

Latifi expresses the value given by Fatih with the following words. In his history books, his supreme vision is Abu al-Haqrat (father of goodness and goodness) and Abu al-Hasanat his beautiful qualities. The period of reign, the scholars and the jurists were the epochs of devotion, tricks and faculty. Due to the respect and respect of the common people, the scholars made dozens of madrasahs, descriptions, imarets and permanent artifacts, and this unlimited revenue was allocated for the living and development of this prestigious group. This interest and desire led to a great effort and increase of the students. At that time, the value and reputation had been found according to everybody deserved.

Taliban whispering reputation

In this sense, the knowledge, the fakih and the talented personality of that period were not in the period of the Sultanate.

Fatih ilim ehline was very respectful. He counted them so much that they tolerated all kinds of nazas, nervousness and irritability and did not interfere with their free thinking. He addressed himself as an honorary teacher and a priest, saying that he was my teacher. Both in Istanbul and in Edirne during the time he was sitting in the museum always with the people of science. The greatest pleasure has been to follow their scientific conversations and listen to their arguments. Even when traveling on horseback, they even invited some of them with alternation and kept them in scientific ruins.

There are narrations about the standing of statesmen at the time of the scientific intervention in the palace. This should be to show how much he enlightened the scholars and scholars.

Ali Kuşçu, the famous mathematician who went to the Akkoyunlu country upon the death of his master, was sent to Fatih by Fatih to Fatih while he was the director of Ulug Bey observatory in Samarkand. Fatih Ali Kuşçu, who appreciates the value of science men, has been very pleased and presented, presented gifts and offered to stay in his hometown. Ali Kuşçu also promised to return after fulfilling his duties.

Fatih Sultan Mehmed demanded that Ali Kuşçu send a delegation for the future until he heard the move to Istanbul on the promise and that he would be extensively rehearsed in the places where he had passed. It is reported that there are probably two hundred people besides Ali Kuşçu who brought all his relatives and relatives to Istanbul. In this respect, Fatih has allocated a thousand akçe to this great scientist for every mansion. They also gave their children and relatives mansions when they arrived.

Mullah Gurani and Mullah Husrev from Fatih coaches kept everybody superior. Many times during the official meetings he had dinner with the scholars. When Molla Husrev was even in the mosque, he rose to his feet to declare his honor. He pointed to Molla Husrev in a place to his wizards and said, “We will see Abu Hanifa of the century.”

Molla Husrev’s Fatah is a scientific activist. Together with Ali Kuşçu, he directed the program of Istanbul medreses. He was a referee in the scientific debates and outbreaks in the presence of Fatih. In all of these, it is a totally neutral path.

Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror was one of the greatest authorities of the revolution in science and mathematics. The discoveries of the ballistic area, which the Byzantine historian Kritovulos described with admiration, destroyed the walls of the Middle Ages. In this way, the great peasants of Europe were demolished by the collectors and large states were established; eventually the great power sources were brought together and ended in the Middle Ages. In this way, the Turks passed from the Middle Ages to the New Era before Europe.

Among the information given about the Fatih of Aragon in 1453, one of the sultan’s entourage is said to have always had two masters who know the other Greek and they read the history of the ancient ages.

Conqueror is not only concerned with the professors but also with their students. He kept a notebook for the appointment and promotion of graduates from the school. They would personally take care of what they found successful and advance their progress in science. One day to Molla Husrev: “the light burns in a room in the medrese as far as sabaha, I see in the palace whose cell is the one who asks”. Molla Husrev also gives Manisalıoğlu’nun answer.

He also participated in the lessons of the scholars from time to time. Müderrislere showed his material and spiritual well-being alongside his students and students. She is working as much as she is in this situation and has been very active in her teaching life.

Sultan Mehmed the Conquer likes to joke with scholars, dervishes and poets, and even some strange-looking attitudes and words are met with tolerance. As a matter of fact, they narrate that while one day changes the way (a tebdil-i outfit), a dervish identified himself,

“Allahu Teala created a hundred and twenty-four thousand prophets. He said, “Give me a pie for each of the prophets’ sake.” Sultan Mehmed saw that it is difficult to give the money that the dervish wants. laughing:

“Be nice to me, each one of the prophets says a name, and I will give you pockets.” How would Dervish know the name of the prophet? But ten to fifteen could say the name. Even Fatih could not resist saying more, he was saved from pouring.

Except for the festivals and the warfare, Edirne and Istanbul were delighted to spend their time in a scientific costume. The wolf is a wide cheek wrapped in a pointed and cotton tappet, and the curls are very thin. Fatih’s scientific costume is so famous that his paintings showing him on his expeditions and his wonders are made in this costume. However, he had to wear armored military armor suitable for young and robust army in other harps if he needed it, and his head was traveling in a crowded manner.

It is very important for Hocazade to point out the value given by Fatih to the men of science and science and to encourage them.

Prof.Dr. Ahmet Şimşirgil

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