Karacahisar Castle (The First Conquest of the Ottoman Empire)

Karacahisar Castle Ertugrul, Karacahisar Fort. Karacahisar Castle history, conquest. Where is Karacahisar Castle Turkey? Who conquered Karacahisar Castle? Karacahisar Castle Location.

Karacahisar Castle reflects the characteristics of the settlements called “Kastron” or “Kale Kent” in terms of its location and architectural features. In the 7th and 8th centuries in Anatolia, the fortress cities were defined as military cities of the Middle Byzantine period. These settlements, which were regularly exposed to Persian and Arab raids since the 8th century, were largely under Seljuk domination in the 11th and 12th centuries; It is known that in the 13th and 14th centuries, all the cities in Anatolia were seized by the Turkmen principalities except the Byzantine settlements in Istanbul and Bitinya. It is known that the walls of Karacahisar and the Byzantine settlements in the west were first repaired by the Seljuks and then by the Ottoman threat and new fortress cities were created. There is no written document as to whether Karacahisar was among the settlements that the Byzantine Empire built for defense during this period or whether it was fortified as an existing fortress city. Another deficiency is the lack of studies on the settlements of this nature, including the Karacahisar Castle.

It is clear that such fortress cities, built especially on a high area, are not conducive to a very dense population and to an intense architectural organization by their borders. Karacahisar Castle is a settlement with architectural position and location that should be evaluated in this general description. At the same time, Karacahisar should be evaluated within the definitions that the majority of the Byzantine people living in Anatolia and living in Anatolia especially in the 13th and 14th centuries settled in the castles. It should be underlined that there were sources of the period that was conquered by Osman Gazi in 1288 and that the first sermon was taught by printing coins in the name of Osman Gazi in 1299. In the period after the conquest of the fortress, our knowledge is limited except for the narratives in the Ottoman sources that a Kadı (Dursun Fakı) and Subaşı (Gündüz Alp) were assigned and the administration was given to Orhan Gazi. There is information that the castle was abandoned during the Fatih period and moved to the settlement established below. This general information also includes the definitions and evaluations of the Karacahisar Fortress that have emerged from the studies conducted to date.

Karacahisar Castle, located southwest of Eskişehir, covers an area of ​​approximately 200×300 meters on a plateau 1010 meters above sea level.

Although the studies on the formation and change phases of Karacahisar Castle in the historical process have revealed some important data, there are still uncertainties about when the castle was built and named. Although it is known that Karacahisar Castle was one of the important fortresses in the defense line of the region during the Byzantine period, there is no information about whether it was used before the Byzantine period. The information that Karacahisar Castle had been inhabited during the Byzantine period is among the information defined. The findings from the surveys and excavations carried out at the fortress to date have provided important data especially on the existence of late Byzantine settlement. The Phrygian region, including the Karacahisar Castle, has been identified as an important strategic point between the Byzantine Empire and the Turks during the Middle Ages. The battles of Dorylaion and Miryakephelon, which are about 7 km from Karacahisar, reveal the dominance struggles in the region in the 11th and 12th centuries. After these wars, it is understood that the power of Byzantium in the region decreased significantly and the area of ​​domination decreased considerably. Especially After these wars, it is understood that the power of Byzantium in the region decreased significantly and the area of ​​domination decreased considerably. Especially After these wars, it is understood that the power of Byzantium in the region decreased significantly and the area of ​​domination decreased considerably. Especially

After the Battle of Miryakephelon II. According to the agreement between Kılıçarslan and Manuel Komnenos, the destruction of Byzantine castles in the region, especially Dorylaion, completely changed the balance of dominance in the region. After the invasion of Istanbul by the Latins in 1204, the Byzantine Empire identified the city of Iznik as the capital, which in part caused a change in the military and political structure of the region in the 13th century. Although the effectiveness of Tekfur in Karacahisar and other Byzantine castles increased to a certain extent, it is known that they continued their independence by paying taxes to the Seljuk Principality.

In the middle of the 13th century; firstly Ertuğrul Gazi and then Osman Gazi’s increasing dominance in the region. The important position of Karacahisar Castle in the historical process; Osman Gazi’s power in the region is increasing and the uncomfortable regional tekfur emerged in the ongoing process with the formation of an alliance under the leadership of Karacahisar Tekfuru. Karacahisar Castle was besieged and seized by Osman Gazi in 1288 in order to break this alliance. The process of the capture and settlement of Karacahisar Castle by Osman Gazi is described in chronicles. Osman Gazi, who settled in Söğüt and Domanic districts;

Did Ertuğrul Gazi conquer Karacahisar Castle? Here is the truth

Karacahisar Castle was conquered twice, both in the period of Ertugrul Gazi and the period of Osman Gazi.

Karacahisar Castle conquest of Osman Gazi Although it is known that performed by Ertuğrul Gazi period Alaeddin Keykubad.Catching soon conquered the castle with the help of Ertugrul Ghazi ‘s history again stuck in his hands and into the hands of the Byzantine Empire.

THE CONQUEST OF ERTUĞRUL GAZİ

Ertuğrul Gazi led the Turkish tribe of 340 people and settled on the skirts of Karacadağ near Engüri (today Ankara). Ertuğrul Gazi , who was aware of the struggles between Yannis Vatatzes and Sultan Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad in the vicinity of Sultan Story and Engürü , participated in battles in order to serve the army. In this context, he took part in the siege of Karacahisar. Welcoming this, Alaeddin Keykubad I, Ertugrul Gazimade raid head. In 1230, due to the Battle of the Flat Plain of the Kharezmshah and the Battle of Kösedağ with the Mongols, I. Alaeddin Keykubad and III. Peace between Yannis Vatatzes. Shortly thereafter, Alaeddin I. Keykubad I gave Ertuğrul Gazi or his ancestors Söğüt as winter barracks and Domanic as a plateau. While Ertuğrul Gazi continued his raids from here, Karacahisar came out of hand after Alaeddin Keykubad I left . Thereupon Ertugrul Gazi , went to the path of reconciliation with native tekfurlar. Neşrî conveys this information in his Spiritual History from Ruhi. Âşıkpaşazâde shortened these narratives and changed the content of the events, Osman Beyperiod. According to another story, Ertugrul Gazi and his tribe who settled on the skirts of Karacadag near Enguri from Surmeli Çukur (Aras River valley) or Ahlat stayed here for a while and the Emperor of Iznik III. He took part in the army of Alaeddin Keykubad I against Yannis Vatatzes. However , after the return of Konya I. Alaeddin Keykubad because of the Mongol attacks Ertugrul Gazi ‘Söğüt winter barracks, Domanic was appointed as a plateau.

THE CONQUEST OF OTTOMAN GAZI

In the middle of the 13th century; first Ertuğrul Gazi , then Osman Gazi ‘s increasing area of ​​domination in the region can be mentioned. The important position of Karacahisar Castle in the historical process; Osman Gazi ‘s increasing power in the region and uncomfortable with this situation in the region under the leadership of the Tekfuru’nun Karacahisar emerged in the ongoing process with the formation of an alliance. Karacahisar Castle was besieged and seized by Osman Gazi in 1288 in order to break this alliance . Osman Gazi settled in Söğüt and Domanic district’S; After the fortress was taken to settle in Eskişehir and as stated in the Ottoman Chronicles, Karacahisar Castle was taught sermons and coins in his own name. Karacahisar was defined as one of the most important settlements during the establishment of the Ottoman Principality.

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