Mehmet Çelebi Han – I. Mehmet

Who is Mehmet Çelebi? Mehmet Çelebi life short. Mehmet Çelebi history. Death of Mehmet Çelebi.

He was born in 1389, when his grandfather Murad Hüdavendigâr was martyred and his father Bayezid Han came to the throne. The mother of Germiyanoğlu Süleyman Şah is the daughter of Devlet Hatun.

Like all the princes, he grew up in the hands of the most popular scholars of the time. He learned about Arabic and Qur’anic sciences from Ahmed bin Muhammed Cezeri, and other mental and transplant sciences from İmamüddin Ali Çelebi, who is famous for the name of Sofi Bayezid. Çelebi Mehmed, who learned the fiqh knowledge of Hanafi sect from Bursa woman Koca Mahmud Çelebi and Molla Fenari, also received a fez from his brother-in-law Emir Sultan.

Magenta mail with white skin, black eyes, black eyebrows, bushy beard, hawk eyes, open forehead, wide chest and long sleeves had their noses unchanged in the dynasty. His body was exceptionally skilful in sports. It was known as the Wrestler Çelebi for its strength and ambiguity.

Perseverance and willpower, loyal to his word, patient, prudent and dignified. Thanks to his farsightedness, he would act in advance of potentially dangerous events. He would do planned and scheduled work and quickly put his decisions into the field of application.

He was fourteen years old when he joined the war in Ankara. He faced big problems at a young age with the loss of the war.

It united the disintegrated state in one hand after long struggles. He regained the unity in Anatolia. While removing some of the Anatolian principalities that Timur enlivened, some of them were subordinated. Because of this feature, it was called the second founder of the Ottoman state.

In Rumelia, it strengthened its Turkish influence. This hero ruler, who spent his entire life in wars, received forty wounds in the twenty-four battles he participated in. The following quote from him expresses his life story very well: Who suffered so many troubles when I was a child, nobody has. Unfortunately, this Turkish hakan, who struggled day and night to restore the state to his former majesty, closed his eyes to life when he was thirty-two years old.

In addition to his political achievements, Çelebi Mehmed gave great importance to development and cultural activities. He had many works built in Bursa, Edirne and Amasya. The temple, known as the Green Mosque in Bursa, is one of the city’s main masterpieces, both due to the rarity of the marble used in its construction and the elegance of the carvings that adorn it. He built his tomb in a high position opposite this mosque. The madrasa, which faces the tomb, has been turned into a museum today.

In addition, the completion of the Great Mosque, which was started by Emir Süleyman in Edirne and continued by Musa Çelebi, was granted to him. This mosque was built in Edirne to become a foundation. Her son Şehzade Kasım is in the garden of this mosque.

Celebi Mehmed would protect and encourage scientists. He was reverent and generous towards them. In this respect, during his short reign, works were written in various positions on his behalf. Ibni Arabşah, Abdurrahman Merzifoni, Molla Sarı Yakup, Molla Kara Yakup, Rhyme Muhyiddin, Kadı Feyzullah and Rükneddin Ahmed are among the most famous scholars of the period.

Sultan Celebi Mehmed sometimes sang poetry. This poem, which is found in Tezkires, shows his calendar, his unwavering faith against Allah Almighty.

Cihân hasm olsa, Hakk’dan nusret iste!
Erenlerden duâ vü himmet iste!
Çalup dîn aşkına udvâne şimşir,
Anuban çâr-ı yârı hidmet iste!
Eğer leb-teşne isen ey bed-endîş;

Bu deşne çeşmesinden şerbet iste!
Geçenden geç, demür taşdan sakınma,
Demüri mahv idenden kuvvet iste!
Çevürme yüz muhalifden Mehemmed,
Adûyı arsadan sür vüs’at iste!

About Sultan Celebi Mehmed:

Halkondil: It is the cult that everybody united about the justice, affection, companionship, his persistence in his friendship, his philanthropy for the Turks and the Greeks by the Byzantine rulers, as well as the Ottoman governors, which elevated the First Mehmed to the speed of his attitude, his actions, and his praise.

Dukas: Çelebi Mehmed treated not only Turks but also Christians with kindness, and the beauty of his wits and morality fit together with his heartfelt feelings.

Hammer: After all his life, the loyal ally of the Byzantine emperor, the terrible enemy of the Turkmen rebels, the glorious foundation of the throne of the Ottoman reign, the Noah, who saved the state ship endangered by the Tatar flood in the words of the Ottoman rule …

Hodja Sadeddin Efendi : The Sultanate period was missing five days from eight years. He was famous on all sides with his good character and compassionate attitude. He would distribute alimony to those who wish as he had menstruated, saturate the fukaha every Friday, provide the necessary help to those in need, and delight broken hearts with untouched gifts. Allahu ta’ala, the glory of his glory, would send the goods to the guests in Haremeyn (Mecca and Medina) in a way that does not count every year.

When Çelebi Mehmed was disturbed and fell on the bed, Hoca Sadeddin Efendi again conveys his will to the statesmen to call his son Murad and his will to them:

Ayak çekti hükümet kapısından
Soyundu padişahlık hırkasından
Gördü ki bu dünya bir boş mekandır
Su üstüne kurulmuş bir binadır
Bu tarlaya kerem tohumunu ekti
Dâr-ı karara doğru niyetlendi
Güzel adını yazıp koydu cihanda
Keremden el çekmedi bir zamanda
Güven, huzur idi çünkü dileği
Sultan Murad’a ısmarladı yerini
Vasiyeti bu oldu o, şah gelsin
Üstünlük göğünün ayı yükselsin
Refah getirsin bütün insanlara
Lütfunu göstersin gününde halka
Kılıcı gidersin zulmün kirini
Kıskansın çağlar keremli devrini
Yine sultan beylerine buyurdu
Ki askerden gizlesinler durumu
Şahın ölümü fitneye yol açar
Kötü dileyiciler bunu fırsat sayar
Hizmet eylen ciğer kuşem Murad’a
Sarfeyleyin gücünüzü yoluna
Adâlet semtine yöneltin anı
Onun ile ferah kılın cihanı
Zulüm töresini hiç öğretmeyin
Zalimlikle adını belletmeyin
Selamım duyurun ol nevcivana
Benden söyleyin ol yüce durağa
Kaçınsın o, cefa etmekten aman
Gaflet etmesin bir dem sakınmadan
Armağandır ona Hakkın kulları
Sakınsın, olmasın zulmün aracı
Yaraşmaz Osmanlı soyuna zulüm
Yanar cihan, feryad ederse mazlum
Lutfile din ehlini gözle sen
Bilgi sahiplerin her dem kolla sen
Boyun eğme sen gönlün hevesine
Dost etmeyesin kötüyü kendine
Dilersen her ülkeye el koymaya
Bağla kalbini yüce Yaradana
Haktan sakın dönmeye heveslenme
Kinle zulümle eteğini kirletme
Düşmanları kırsın, keskin kılıcın
Dünü gün halka yardımcı olasın
Her günün parlak, kadr olsun her geçen
Rahmanın yardımıyla olur yükselmen.

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