II. Bayezid Han Life

Who is ii. Bayezid Han? ii. Bayezid Han life short. ii. Bayezid Han Life. ii. Bayezid Han history. Death of ii. Bayezid Han.

The eighth Ottoman sultan. His father was Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror and Gülbahar Hatun were originally believed to be Albanian. Gülbahar Hatun probably entered Fatih’s harem in 1446 and gave birth to Bayezid two years later.

From an early age, she was brought up with great care and Bayezid the prince was collected in the hands of the most distinguished scholars of the period. Among his teachers were Mirim Çelebi, Molla Abdülkadir, Hatip Kasım, Abdullah Efendi and Molla Selahaddin. When he was seven years old, he became the governor of Amasya under the supervision of Hadım Ali Pasha.

Amasya was one of the most favorable and prosperous cities of the time. It was a cultural center where scholars and poets gathered since the Seljuk period. All conditions were available in this province for the growth of a sultan.

Şehzade Bayezid increased the knowledge and improved the knowledge of Hadım Ali Pasha, who was one of the top state officials in Amasya, Kemaleddin Ahmed Çelebi, his sniper, Hacı Mahmud Çelebi-zâde Sadeddin Çelebi and his clerk Sa’di Çelebi. Sayyid Sadreddin Mohammad Khorasani and Zeynüddin Hafi were among the caliphs of Abdurrahim Merzifoni.

She took calligraphy lessons from famous calligrapher Sheikh Hamdullah. Çandarlı İbrahim Çelebi, Muslihzâde Kadı Şemseddin Mehmed Çelebi, Nacizâde, Müeyyedzâde Abdurrahman, Hamzabeyzâde Mustafa Paşa, Muhyiddin Mehmed Çelebi and his brother Selahaddin Musa Çelebi were the other well-known scholars in the science district of the prince.

Sayyid Sadreddin Muhammad’s son and caliph, and his father known as Sayyid Ibrahim Çelebi in the village of Yenice near Amasya visited and benefited from the science. He was also known as Çelebi Khalifah, the father of Cemal-i Halveti and Ebussuud Efendi.

In addition to Turkish, he learned Arabic, Persian and Uighur. There are records that speak Italian. He was also knowledgeable in science, mathematics and cosmography.

He often organized hunting parties. In this way, he straddled very well and used all kinds of weapons in the best way possible. In the Otlukbeli War he commanded the right wing of the Ottoman army and had a share in the victory.

II. Bayezid Khan was tall, greasy, hazel-eyed and wide-breasted. His face always gave him the impression that he was mentally busy with serious and heavy things. Fıtraten stand alone in the occurrence of the most recent events would be gratuitous. The most favorite thing in Amasya since the sanjak principality was horseback riding and hunting parties. However, after the emergence of Nikris disease, he was deprived of this pleasure.

He was nicknamed abı Veli ayrıl because he was a scholar, takva, sultan who did not leave justice and mercy and was a famous sultan.

Between 1503 and 1511, many people, artisans, artists, the name of the oak, in an inattack book containing gifts and gifts given to various people, clearly show the value it gives to science and culture. Many scholars and poets, such as Molla Lutfi, Kemal Pasazade, Mueyyedzade Abdurrahman, Tâcizâde Cafer Çelebi, Sâdi Çelebi, Idris-i Bitlisî, Zenbilli Ali Efendi, Necati, Visali, Zâti and Firdevsi, received his support.

Bayezid Khan not only protected and supervised the scholars in other countries, but also in his own country. He would send his five thousand mortals to the sheikh of Mullah Mahmoud in Hirat and to the sheikh of the Dergah in Bukhara, the center of the Naqshbandi road. The gifts and charity given to his personal property were also quite high. He invited Molla Mosque and his son of Ubeydullah-ı Ahrar, Hâce Abdülhâdi to İstanbul. As a matter of fact, Hâce Abdülhadi, who came to Istanbul, received much pride and compliment and received his prayer.

Bayezid Han was also interested in art movements in Europe and had contacts with some artists on various occasions. Leonardo da Vinci, in a letter to the Sultan, reported that he was ready to build bridges on the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus. Michelangelo then attempted to come to Istanbul. However, some political events did not allow these developments to take place.

In addition to other branches of science, Ottoman historiography reached a further stage in the time of Bayezid Khan. İdris-i Bitlisîye has written an Ottoman history of Persian. In addition, many works have been written on his behalf. He read all his works. He encouraged what they found dear ones, and would not let the writers of the works written for them to be distributed in an uproar.

Padishah holding his teacher divit

When Sultan Bayezid was in Amasya, he continued the calligraphy lessons that he started to take from Sheikh Hamdullah and continued to master’s degree in this field. She also strikingly reflects on his adventure with Sheikh Hamdullah, the science of science and science.

Bayezid Han, following the death of his father Fatih the throne in Istanbul, Cem Sultan Sultan’s struggle with the sovereignty of the palace of education with the participation of his mentor Sheikh Hamdullah had been cut. The sheikh could not stay longer in the city after Bayezid left Amasya and emigrated to Istanbul and began to work in the houses of his fellow townsmen, Jalal and Abdullah Amasî, who were both calligraphers like him, in Saraçhanebaşı.

One day, a desire to be presented to the Sultan to be presented to the Sultan Bayezid Khan and his teacher again met. The sultan, seeing the desire presented to him, understood at a glance that the manuscript had belonged to his teacher Hamdullah, whom he had not been able to ask or even ignored for a long time due to the throne and the palace issues. She sensed that she had come to Istanbul and ordered that the calligrapher who wrote this wish be immediately brought to its presence.

Thus, the sultan met with his teacher again and established an oak palace in the vicinity of the harem circle of his palace, and appointed him to be determined as a local and a court clerk. He then used the title of Han Kâtibü’s-Sultan Bayezid Khan O in his paper.

The Sultan frequently visited his teacher at the palace and asked a variety of questions about calligraphy. One day, seven pieces of Yakut-i Musta’s (v.1238) treasure from the treasure, showing his teacher and showing:

I It would be good if it was given an informal promise (if it was brought into the body) sa. She also worked for months in order to bring various innovations and beauty to the script. Thus, until that time, even the calligraphers, even under his influence in the Yakut school ended and the style of Sheikh Hamdullah has been a school style. Indeed, it is said:

Who found the line of Şeyhoğlu Hamdi

In this world, it was definitely necesary.

Sheik Hamdullah is a great calligrapher who is a pioneer in the writing, but in thousands of priceless works he created. We should not forget the support and support of Bayezid Khan.

In fact, there have been many times, when the teacher wrote his teacher, he kept his divitini and provided his comfort by feeding his back with pillows. In addition to his teacher’s wages, he also allocated the income of two villages in Sarıgazi, a district of Üsküdar. Some envoys that can not pull it: “Say the text is not a sheep, Sultan Bayezid wrote,” he began to talk back and forth said that he did not deserve the money received.

One day, Bayezid Khan, who had heard of these rumors, feasted on a large group of ulema and sheikhs and established Sheikh Hamdullah in the corner. When he felt that some of them were broken and resentful, he took one mushaf-i sheriff which his teacher wrote and showed them to each one. Pointing to his teacher after receiving everyone’s appreciation, he had pledged that, saying that no ruler had ever had such a precious calligrapher, and those in the assembly had to affirm this promise.

After this, Bayezid Han asked a number of works written by some of the scholars who were there and then asked him whether he would be able to put it under these books or on the top of these books.

And they all say, ini lâ aatessühü ille’l-mutahherun ece (He said no to him başka). . Then Bayezid Han:

There is no individual who has engraved this verse of the Quran. How can I not put him in a parliament corner, he said.

A sour Sual!

Despite all this, II. There are hollow allegations that Bayezid Khan is not tolerated and open-minded. The only evidence they have made against these claims is supposedly to have his father’s painting of Centile Bellini’s painting from the palace. But to whom? How much has it sold? When did he sell it? The answer to these questions can never be given. Those who bought the paintings trashed it, which was discovered two hundred years later. Moreover, it is not known where Bellini made his painting and whom he presented. Some assumptions that have not been based on any document or information have become unacceptable, as a matter of fact, without a scientific critique.

II. Bayezid Khan, especially in the Mamelukes during the war on the weakness of the army; He made important strides towards strengthening the navy on the request of help from Andalusia. He has increased the number of janissaries. Networking was established. Military equipped with new weapons. In particular, the artillery and cavalry and the transportation of the cannon were subjected to serious amelioration.

With the importance of the navy, sailing warships were built and ships were placed on long-range cannons. With these activities, he ensured that his son Yavuz Sultan Selim was busy with unfathomed jihad, and had a great share in his successes.

II. Bayezid Khan tried to stay away from war unless he had to. In order to ensure the peace and tranquility of the Rean and to prevent any harm to them, he always tried to be in Istanbul. This attribute of his was perceived as abandoning jihad and has sometimes been subject to criticism. In a letter to the Crimean Khan, Mengli Giray sent him:

This is the supply of the companions of the holy king of glory, glorious, superstition, in the two worlds, which is the supply of the heirs of the caliph of Allah. The superior edict of Bâki is the high sultan. B

The answer given by Sultan Bayezid to this letter is extremely important in terms of showing the structure of thought. In the letter of the sultan:

Mı You ask us whether you chose the path of calm and waiver in the corner of your ministry, and left the gas and jihad, and whether it has a place in nass or hadith. A really beautiful sual. It is known by everyone; jihad u to the gas command, is the most important way of Islam. Sultans fall into this path. But I am alone in charge of the rea and the reign on our vast lands. When I come to the presence of God tomorrow; “Bayazid! I’ve deemed you worthy of all the reunions and the worship of the demon you old and a few days of reign and the Caliphate I have been worthy of you. Between my servants have commanded my command and how much you’ve done with justice … I’ve ordered the state of the case and I think what the answer to the state and I think. When one side of the war goes to the war, because there are special qualities in humans, they can draw a strife by taking advantage of our absence. Therefore, I find it more appropriate not to go to any side and to sit in my place for my country. Again, therefore, I spend all my time day and night looking at the work of the people and seeing their work, akt he said.

Reconstruction activities

Sultan II. Bayezid period is an era in which the zoning activities in the Ottoman Empire accelerated. In particular, Bayezid Khan admits those who see the complexes built in Amasya and in Edirne and Istanbul in the Sultanate. Osmancık, Geyve, Saruhan and Boyabat’ta also has.

Hodja Sadeddin Efendi describes his outstanding charity works as follows:

Daki The generosity, the openness of the hand, the great courage in bounty and grace cannot be mentioned. Bayezid Khan, before the sake of the Ottoman throne as a sancakbeyi where the city of Amasya to the sultan, and the town where the beauty of the beauty of the river (Yesilirmak) has created a beautiful work of nobility. The complex consists of a bright mosque full of joy and joy, zaviye, hangah, school, imaret and a large madrasah. It is stipulated that the faculty member in the madrasa should be a knowledgeable person capable of giving fatwa. Res

II. Bayezid Han began to make the famous Bayezid Complex in Edirne in the third year of its ascent. The construction, which lasted for four years, consisted of mosques, imaret, madrasah, tabhane, hammam and public buildings.

The hospital of the complex, called darüşşifa, was the place of treatment for mental and mental patients. The mental patients in European countries are seen as punishable persons who are cooperating with the devil and sometimes even burned alive.

Evliya Çelebi describes this beautiful work with the following words:

Ki In the middle of the aforementioned vineyard, a stone that extends to the sky is in the high dome, which is supposedly open like a brightly lit glass window. In this open space, there are six domes on a thin marble pillar, such as the Kyaniyan Crown. San’atkar business master, top of the top of this small dome is made of a flag gilded on some kind of iron shaft on a iron, on the other hand, if the wind blows, that flag turns that way.

It looks strange. But down to the big dome is eight corners. There are eight arches within this arched dome. There is a winter room under each arch. Each room has two windows. One window overlooks the wooded tree outside the room, while the other looks at the large pool and the fountain in the middle of this large dome. There are eight summer rooms in the large dome in front of these eight winter rooms. Bu

Tulips, speckles, carnations, greens, yasemen, nesrin, deveboynu etc. Flowers were grown in abundance. Not only the colors of these flowers, but also the fragrances gave positive results in the treatment of mental patients.

A very careful food regime was applied in the hospital. Under the control of the specialists, according to the condition of the patients, goose, duck, partridge, pheasant, stepmother and rabbit meat were fed.

In the hospital, treatment of the patients with the music was also made in the hospital with the reason that the physicians in the hospital had been effective in opening some minds, strengthening the memory, calming the excited patients, cheering up the troubled, calm and pessimistic patients. Darüşşifa’s doctor, who had sufficient knowledge and experience in this subject, had his patients listen to various authorities and determined the appropriate melody by taking into consideration the speed and slowing of the heartbeat. Afterwards, the complaints were brought together by similar patients and the music team of Darussifa performed a concert on certain days of the week. Ten men and sazene musicians in the music team

Finally, the sounds released by the gushing waters were used as an important part of the treatment to help the patient rest.

Darüşşifa, where all kinds of patients are looked after during the years of establishment, has become a center where only mental and mental patients are treated. The initial staff of the Darussafah had a head doctor, two doctors, two eye doctors, two surgeons and a pharmacist. Apart from these, thirteen people were working as auxiliary health personnel and administrative staff. The bed capacity is estimated to be thirty-two. At that time, the highest salary of the head of the Darüşşifa, received thirty days daily. This shows the importance given to the hospital during the Ottoman period.

The treatment was made free of charge, and the patients in need in the city were provided free of charge two days a week.

Europeans see the use of bird sounds, water shimmers, music, and flower fragrances as a unique measure of Turkish psychiatry and civilization in the history of the Renaissance and in the history of the hospital.

II. Bayezid Khan’s most beautiful features of the gates of Istanbul is not to be finished by counting. In the words of Hodja Sadeddin Efendi: The mosque, which resembles a paradise of heaven, is unique in bringing together the soul and the soul. It is an example of width and spaciousness and is the sign of its founder’s purity and clean intent. It doesn’t take a moment to be filled with the new new congregation until the sun goes down in the middle of the present city. It is so adorned with the delightful somakians that even the architects who know the business are amazed and demoralized as they see it. The marble of the high walls is so polished that the flow of those who pray is reflected in them as mirrors.

If I try to introduce the fountain flowing in the courtyard of the altai, the water is poured from the mouth of the candle. Selsebilin trough reminiscent of kevseri is a source of healing for thirsty people.

Abundant and varied foods in the imaret built next to it, every day more than a thousand people benefit. Feasts and appetizers full of appetizing food cannot be said in words and words.

Medresesi is a blessed stop where knowledge is compiled and information is transferred. The mature, distinguished, talented scholars of the time give all kinds of lessons to the students here.

II. Bayezid Khan, in other places, such as masjid, fortress, bridge, inn, bath and ribat, such as his work had someone from the foundation, some repaired and destroyed by saving.

Poet Bayezid

II. The Bayezid period was a period when the great poets who grew up during the reign of Fatih continued their fame and the new ones joined them. In addition to Ahmed Pasha and Necati, Zâti, Cafer Çelebi, Safi, Behişti, Sinan Bey, Çakeri and Basirî are well-known poets of this period.

Bayezid Khan, who wrote poems with his pseudonym ıştır Adlî ile, later collected them on a couch. Four precious copies of the written divan, which is said to have been written by order of his son, Selim Han, are registered in Fatih Millet Library. His poems have mystical characteristics as a reflection of his temperament. These sincere love and love poems in the style of Gazel are simple and simple verses.

Kudret-i Hakka Look at the evil eye hair

Hâb-ı gafletten wake up and zıynet-i look at her husband

According to the brightness and vitality of the flowers, you can understand the power of God. You can see the ornament of the trees and their ornaments (rebirth). Bayezid is like an expression of what Han thinks and hears when he looks at the outer nature, by faith and a mature mind.

In his matt, a full ruler is perceived:

O rajab-i câna bass

Hüsn Square is yours

(O ye rider of your horse! Don’t hesitate to step into the life of the horse, the beauty square is yours, your foot on the floor gently).

II. Bayezid Han; Melihî, Ahmed Pasha and Fatih Sultan Mehmed between the sympathetic murabba ‘s creating a common discourse and the muhammes have participated in the red-eye.

I’m relieved.

I stayed in the arrows of the sine trench wow eye

I don’t care if I look at my main eyes

My eye eyvay eye

Bayezid Khan was in the councils, he used to chatting, encouraging them. On one occasion, one of the most famous poets of his time, Behistis, did the wrong job and fled to Iran, hesitantly from the Sultan’s gadab. There he served in the service of Mevlana Mosque and Nevayi.

After a while, they were given a letter stating that the forgiveness was a man-specific state, and the forgiveness of the crimes was the title of the Almighty God.

Endi They swallow their anger, forgive people im (Surah Al – i-Imran, 134), and implied an excuse for the mention of the sultan, a lot of examples and works of art were told in a chun.

Jesus

He becomes free while he bestows human

Minors, though, to blame hatadur

Ulular afv-i cürm etmek ‘atâdur

When Bayezid Han read the letter from the scholars, he forgave him and gave gratitude to him.

Sometimes she jokes with poets and makes her a yester. According to the story of the poet of the era of the young pea suffer from the cold in the early beard because of the discomfort of the cold. She upset her and shattered her beard.

Why did Bayezid Han once paint the land and change the color, and steal the land on the face of the beard, and expose it as criminals, “he demanded angrily. If it is:

Anım My sultan of state! I know your age I’m without a doubt. My beard is lying. Seemingly trustworthy, but she’s definitely lying. So I stole the black on my face and expelled him, and took his revenge and revenge. Üme

In the face of this wickedness, the sultan praised Çâkeri and found benevolence.

The encouragement of scholars and poets was so advanced that he found and rewarded the artist even though he did not know the owner of a beautiful gazel. One of them was a poet named Sa’yî. Sa’un, where he donates sultan Fermanla sultan and donated sultan:

When he writes his embroidery,

Blood made me cry

What do you know the secret book?

Scratch the eyebrows

Seref-i şemste written line-i spirit

Nüsha-i mihr ü

A silver serv-i ruin

If the sun rose gold rose

[When I wrote a picture of her face into the letter of heart, my eyes made me cry of my hedgehog. Anyone who does not look up in the face of the book in your beauty book to tell you what is a secret. The sun is a golden rose to her dress.

Bayezid-i Velî

II. Bayezid Khan was an extremely fair, compassionate, alim, takva and hilm owner. He was known as the ”Bayezid-i Veli tanın with his endowments. Beautiful haslets were many. He had a custom in wars. On her return from all times, she would collect all the dust accumulated in her dress and collect them in a jar. Again a harp return Bayezid Han took off his clothes, trying to collect the dust on it with great care. His wife Gulbahar Hatun asked with wonder:

”Sir, I like my curiosity, can I ask you why every jihad return you are collecting those dusts“? Sultan, with a smile:

Giz I don’t have any secrets from you, Gülbahar Hatun. I will testify that these dusts are put in my grave. Because the hadith-i sharifte, “the feet of the dust on the way to protect the fire of Allahu teada” is ordered. That is why we gather the dusts that are transmitted to us while we are jihad with disbelievers. Our last will and testament; when they die we should put them on the ground. ü

Indeed, II. Bayezid Khan built a brick from the dust he had accumulated. According to his will, this brick was placed in his tomb when he died.

This incident at the opening of the mosque built in the Beyazıt district also sheds light on the religious direction of Bayezid Khan. On the opening day of the crowd, the sultan asked his first prayer to make someone who had never left the circumcision of the afternoon prayer until that day. No one came out when it was announced to the congregation. The king is compelled to mold:

Ti Alhamdulillah has not missed any time in our lifetime. D Imamed himself.

This poem as if Bayezid Khan ‘Veli’ nickname seems to point out why.

Hudâyâ Hudâlik

Indeed, the conquest is worth me

You are the creator of the Lord

You’re ashamed of it.

Kill your servant, your servant.

Non-servant

The language is who you are

The main zikrin is worthy of healing.

Who wishes to get the guild

Der-i gamir Bahrine bears a great deal

Our revolt will stop too

Our promise is again ‘Rabbena’.

What is our business

Thank you to us

If you ask by name Adlî

Ukubettir suits the master.

The moment that I’ve noticed, it suits me

Who can afford you the moment

There’s no way to stay that day

The master-res Mustafa is worthy.

Description of the poem:

God bless you.

Indeed, poverty is worthy of me.

If it’s you, you’re the refuge.

From you, I want you asylum.

The Shah was killed so that he could serve you.

He who is not servant is worthy.

Your heart is your patient.

She is healing with her singing.

Who wishes the pearl of forgiveness.

Gam is familiar with the sea.

Although our rebellion is very high,

Our Word is to be the Lord.

Our work is what we hope and fear.

But fear and hope for us.

Forensic (Bayezid) if you ask with name.

Blessing doesn’t suit her punishment.

I did, I would.

You make contact with him that’s fine with you.

On the day everyone is desperate,

He bears a ruling on him (Muhammad aleyhisselam).

What they said

Hodja Sadeddin Efendi: The pencil of the pen bends from the explanation of the moral beauties of the bounty of the bounty of the sultan and of the koran with the qualities to be praised. The leaves of the trees are paper, the seas are not enough to write ink though. The shadow was the foundation of trust and peace. His grace and his blessing, his interest in fukaraya, and the foolishness, to such an extent, was such that his beggar was never mentioned before. He would search and find salvage spies who chose the extension and preferred to stay in the corner. Every day, a thousand people would benefit from their gifts.

Andrea Gritti: There is no false and horrible man in the flesh and plump. There is always a sign of sadness. He loves the machinery industry. He likes very well cut red agate, finished silver, beautifully made items. He has a deep knowledge in power and theology and is always engaged in these sciences. Nobody can shoot any better arrow than him.

Sehi Bey: Scholar, Fazil, brilliant, poems, very talented and was a man of all things. The arrow was elite. Nobody has been able to pull the spring that he shot in his time. Saleh, devout, friend of the truths and scholars, opposed to the educationalist, justice and generosity in the wife, no owner was a sultan.

Necati Bey:

Afitab-adl Sultan ibn-i Sultan Bayezid

The divorce of the branch of the branch-i nûr-i yakîn

Who is ger hazar elhamdülillah

Feth u nusrat and the state of the world

Whoever shows impunity to the enemies comfortably

On the day of the declaration of the night

In the state of folk-realm ber-murad ü regular

This will be the Sultan of the state will be

Şevket ü adl and Sultan ibn-i Sultans’s parents

You are with Zühd ü takva Emîrü’l-mu’minin

His troops married the state to stake

You cannot believe in it

 

 

Prof. Dr. Ahmet Şimşirgil

You can also rate
[Total: 1 Average: 5]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *