II. Selim Khan Life
The great scholar and the shaykh al-Islam Ebussuud Efendi’s vehement II. Selim Khan was very upset. It was only three months since his death that he made goodbye to this mortal world.
“This lowly and choppy world is not a place to remain in eternal life or in eternity. Tevafuk this palace in the palace, some of the domes of the bath was decorated, some have been rebuilt. At that time the sultan wanted to make a halvet in the bath. He joyfully entered in with joy. However, this transfer has seen much of this much to the sultan of the world. While walking in the hammam, his blessed feet were marbled and suddenly collapsed on one side and the hard marble stone was smoothed by his side. The maid and his family lift him up and deliver it to his private circle.
The doctor came to see that it was appropriate to be treated with yaki. But at that very moment the fire suddenly rose. In the end, he suffered from stomach trouble with pain. In short, the promised date is an established achievement. Whatever they did, it did not help. Mankind has not been able to find a remedy for as long as they have so far, and they have not found it either. On the eve of the Sabbath (31 November 1574), at noon on the moon, he reached the highest floor of paradise at noon. ”
According to the assessment of the sources, II. When Selim Khan was in the bath, his blood pressure dropped and he passed away from his brain hemorrhage.
The prince Selim was the first Ottoman sultan born in Istanbul. He was born on May 28, 1524 in Hürrem Haseki Sultan in Topkapı Palace. His childhood passed in the Old Palace in Istanbul. On June 27, 1530, his brothers Prince Mustafa and Mehmed were circumcised with a unique ceremony and a ceremony held for a week in the Horse Square. He remained in the palace until he was sixteen, and was deeply educated in a palace. In 1542 Konya was appointed as a sancakbeyi when he was sixteen years old. In 1544 Manisa was appointed as sancakbeyi and served until 1558. In 1558, Konya was again appointed to the sanjakbeyi, and remained there until 1562.
Şehzade Selim continued to collect and increase the province in the provinces where he made his sancakbeyi. During this time, he especially strived to continue his science and conversation councils. While in Kütahya, around twenty scholars have been closely interested in collecting them around poets and craftsmen.
While Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent was alive, especially after 1553, the prince began to work for the throne among the crowds. Mahmud, Murad, Mehmed and Abdullah of the princes of Kanuni died with their own affirmations. The rumor that Hürrem Sultan thought of Selim or Bayezid for his throne from his own sons was common. For this reason, it was heard that Prince Mustafa was involved in some activities for the throne for the first time. Erzurum and Diyarbekir sent letters to the beylerbeylerinin some of the documents appeared to want to draw to his side. Although some of these documents were claimed by Rüstem Pasha, it is obvious that Mustafa had entered into some movements by influences of the surrounding circles. These rumors or facts have produced the end of Mustafa, who is seen as a very well-educated future.
As long as Hürrem Sultan was alive, there was no smallest sight between the two princes. However, after the death of Hürrem Sultan, Bayezid’s preparations for the struggle for the reign were revealed this time. In fact, some of the bearers beside Mustafa were acting for Bayezid, which they served in this time.
The advisers of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent sent to Bayezid did not benefit at all. In fact, the Sultan had sent Mr. Bayezid to Selim in the absence of any activity in order to keep the balance while sending nasihadists, thus giving messages to Bayezid that he would be neutral. Nevertheless, Bayezid walked over Selim with a great force gathered around him as he did not go to the blind spot where he was newly appointed. In the face of this situation, Kanuni sent orders to the Anatolian Beys to support Selim.
On May 29, 1559, two prince fans and their own star armies entered a battle near Konya. Sehzade Selim, who received the support of his father, won this battle. The Prince Selim who chased Bayezid to Iran and returned to Hinis returned to Konya. Bayezid, along with his sons, took refuge in Iran by the force of two thousand people. Kanuni requested that his rebellious son be returned with correspondence with Shah Tahmasb. On September 25, 1561, Shah Tahmasb handed over the princes in the hands of the Ottoman delegation. As a result of the struggle of the Prince Bayezid, the Prince Selim, who had Konya sancakbeyi, remained the only unrivaled crown prince of Kanuni. For this reason, Kütahya, who was closer to the state capital in 1562, was appointed as a sancakbeyi. Now the way of reign is open to itself.
In fact, during the years when the struggle between the princes began, II. Selim Khan’s musician, Celal Bey, is very interested in seeing his talk on this subject. Because after the Süleyman the Magnificent, he wondered who would replace him. Prince Mustafa and Sehzade Bayezid had engaged in the struggle of the crown prince years ago.
One day Selim said to Celal Bey, the musician, that he had opened this matter and said:
“What do people think among us, what do they think of the sultanate?”
Mr. Celal, the army said you had Mustafa. Bayezid was supported by his father, mother, and vizier.
In this case there was no hope for Prince Selim. However, the Prince did not disrupt his sentiment:
“You must ask Mustafa the strongest. Ask your parents for Bayezid. Selim the pilgrim and the Mevlâ are in demand. Tomorrow is the owner, “ he said.
Indeed, Mustafa first and then Bayezid will lose his life and the sultanate will be given to Selim.
II. Selim Khan, middle height, close to the tongue, open forehead, ela eyed and blonde. It is reported that her mother is very similar. Also called “Yellow Selim”. The hunting and bow are extraordinarily talented in the draw, and there is no one that draws a stronger bow than it did in time. His father did not go out to the chapel after he had gone to the throne with the participation of many wars in the reign of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent. Because the periods during the period are generally large sea expeditions, and it was not customary for the sultan to control these sailings.
An experienced and knowledgeable vizier, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, with the government’s complete release of the work, would interfere with the cases he felt he needed. He has held a great deal of respect for the scholars, and he is in the jurisprudence of the great scholar Ebussuud Efendi. His relatives and his beloved Celâl Bey drove him to the Monastery because he had a few words of thought about Ebussuud Efendi. It is the first time that the Cülûs tip is given to the class of theology. Selim Khan removes it.
Certainly Sultan II. The fact that Selim co-existed with his scholars during his self-development played a big role. Perhaps his greatest chance is that some of the law-making scholars live in his time. In addition, Selim Khan, the Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent and almost all of the craftsmen of the Sultan have found the opportunity and opportunity to recognize.
One of the prominent names of the devil besides Şeyhülislam Ebussuud Efendi is Mustafa Âli, historian Gelibolulu. Ali, a famous historical work with the name of Künhü’l-Ahbar, is one of the greatest historians of the 16th century. Again, the great miniature artist and Nakkaş Nigari II. Selim saw Han’s patronage. The poet Baki, II. At the time of Selim Han, Anatolian and Rumeli jazzuras did but did not reach the level of shahlism that he wanted to be.
The second Selim is also an imperial sultan. During the reign of Suleiman the Edirne Selimiye Mosque, which is regarded as a masterpiece of Turkish and world art, was built. Tamire needed the Hagia Sophia Mosque to be supported by the retaining walls and brought them up to the present day as well as adding two minarets and two madrasahs next to them. Other than these, the towers of Mecca-i Mükerreme’s waterways, the Masjid al-Haram’s marble dome, the Nicosia Selimiye Mosque, the Aziz Efendi Tekkesi, and the Navarin Port have a dominant position among the other important fountains.
II. Selim Han showed great respect and respect to the scholars. Ebussuud Efendi, whom he admired for the sake of his age, did not take his position until his death. The reverence for the famous sufi Yahya Efendi was high. An incident in which he lived at the time of the throne led him to have a deep conversation. One day he came out to visit the Bosphorus with his sultanate. As he was leaving, he was asking about some places in the Bosphorus. When they come to Besiktas, “Sir, this is Besiktas and Yahya Efendi nihat sit. He did it for them, “they said. Then Sultan Selim Han; “How do you know Yahya Efendi?” He asked. Him; “Sultan! Yahya Efendi, your father was the daughters of heavenly descendants. They would meet very well with your father. ” Selim Han:
“Yes, I know your closeness and friendship with my father. No matter what he did to my dad, my dad did. Yahya Efendi had never come to the saddle once. But my father always went to his feet. Since my dad compliments him, how do you see it? His marriage is good. Let’s invite him for a test, “he said. It’s a beautiful place called the castle garden. The Sultan invited Yahya Efendiyi with a man.
When Yahya Efendi came, he wondered not to compliment him. Soon after, Yahya Efendi came out with his belt. When Sultan Selim Han saw Yahya Efendi, he came down from his throne and complimented and complimented him. Yahya Efendi told him:
“Sultan! Why did you descend from your throne. What compliment is this? ” Sultan, when asked to kiss the hand, Yahya Efendi asked, “Do you have a Sultanım abdest?” Sultan; “Abdest alayım” says Yahya Efendi:
“I am not a prayer ablution. Repentance is the ablution I said. ” Sultan Selim Khan was embarrassed and kissed and respected Yahya Efendi’s hands. He believed that he was a great parent.
Sultan II. When Selim was a prince in Kütahya, he gathered about twenty arts and scientists such as Sami, Hatemi, Merdumi, Ulvi, Fıraki, Ferdi, Nigari, Nihanî, Şeyhzade Mehmed Çelebi and Memi Gulâbî Çelebi. There are Selim’s poems known with the “Selimî” and “Tâlibî” districts.
Some of his poetry, which he spoke in a few words, is among the most beautiful examples of classical literature. The most noteworthy of these is the shudder:
We are the nightingale-i-muh-i-i-shy-ı-
Yahya Kemal Beyatli has arranged for the above mentioned letter to be found in great beauty and has added another four couplets to it to bring it to a new bazaar. The first song of poetry is like this:
Blood flowed since the day our murderous-u t
we have received is called for ruby mine
Again, Beyatlı takes the name of “Selim-i Sânisi Gazel, Year 982” (m 1574), and performs an examination of Sultan Selim Han. At the end of poetry
There is a letter and a câmi-i ma’mûru there Kemâl
Yağsın türâb-ı kabrine gufran-ı müşk-bû
The sultan begins with the words “We are the nightingale-i…” And indicates that at least the Selimiye Mosque is splendid and magnificent. In 1568, the foundations of the mabed took its final form in 1575; but unfortunately Sultan Selim Han passed away without seeing the completion of the mosque.
When you look at the present-day portals, a naat written for the Prophet is found. The sultan, sitting on it, voicing that it is a bounty of Allah alone, believes that he does not have access to this high state by his own means. The exalted Peygambere, who is the partner, shows his own welfare and love in each line when he is offering these feelings:
Ya resüll-ı müctebâ in intercession with the prodigal son
Abd-i âciz does not have a day in mind
This is what God has commanded
me to do to the Ummah.
The essence is the purple-asem, the zenb ü pür-ma is the hymn
Compassion is not stinking O şah-ı rusûl hâlim fenâ
I hope that I will not cease my sincerity, who is the compassion
This Selimî surely the eternal mevsûl-ı rah-i hüdâ
(Either resulAllah will intercede with me, I am a cruel and sinful servant, I have no other things in my heart.) God Almighty, when I am
not worthy, God has bestowed his soul on this sinful slave.
But I am a faulty, imperfect sinful servant from the beginning. O Messengers, you are the pity that you are compassionless.
I will never hope for your grace. Selimi (II Selim Khan) will be your chief who will meet Huda’s way.
Sultan Selim Khan, during his eight years of sultanate, was a solid wall against those who wanted to harm his state and nation. However, he has been gracious and merciful to his lovers with his tall eyes, his eyes and his blond hair. In short, at this time, a line of selim like his name is laid. As a matter of fact, among the preeminent poems reached on a daily basis, the verse that sheds light on this characteristic is as follows:
Tab-ı latînimiz is our language Selim’m
No one is our adaliye Hakk alîm’dir
(O God, our latif nature is soft, Allahu ta’ala knows that we have no enemy for no reason.)
Prof. Dr. Ahmet Şimşirgil